SALIVARY IL-21 AND IGA RESPONSES TO A COMPETITIVE MATCH IN ELITE BASKETBALL PLAYERS Alexandre Moreira, Reury F. P. Bacurau, Marcelo H. Napimoga, Ademir F. S. Arruda, Camila G. Freitas, Gustavo Drago, Marcelo S. Aoki Biol Sport 2013; 30(4):243-247 ICID: 1077548
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Athletes engaged in strenuous training might experience transient immune suppression that could lead to greater incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Since interleukin 21 (IL-21) stimulates immunoglobulin A (IgA) secreting cells and a low level of this immunoglobulin is associated with increased incidence of URTI, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a basketball match on salivary cortisol (sC), salivary IL-21 (sIL-21) and salivary IgA (sIgA) levels. Twenty male basketball players participated in an official game in two teams (10 players in each team). The saliva samples were collected before the warm-up and approximately 10-15 min after the end of the match and were analysed by ELISA methods. sC concentration increased significantly after the match while sIL-21 level was reduced (p < 0.05). In opposition to the study’s hypothesis, sIgA level did not change in response to the match. The present findings suggest that a basketball match is sufficiently stressful to elevate sC concentration and attenuates the sIL-21 output without compromising the sIgA level. It is reasonable to speculate that the stability of sIgA acute responses to the match, despite the decrement in sIL-21, indicates that other mechanisms rather than IL-21 stimulating B cell proliferation/differentiation might modulate IgA concentration and secretion rate.