Biology of Sport
pISSN 0860-021X    eISSN 2083-1862
Archival Issues
Volume 34, 2017
Volume 33, 2016
Volume 32, 2015
Volume 31, 2014
Volume 30, 2013
Volume 29, 2012
Volume 28, 2011
Volume 27, 2010
Volume 26, 2009
Volume 25, 2008
Volume 24, 2007
Volume 23, 2006
Volume 22, 2005
Volume 21, 2004
Volume 20, 2003
Archival Issues 1984-1998
Information for Authors
Special Information
Journal Abstract
The effect of cumulative endurance exercise on leptin and adiponectin and their role as markers to monitor training load
Sven C Voss, Zoran Nikolovski, Pitre C Bourdon, Muhammad Alsayrafi, Yorck O Schumacher
Biol Sport 2016; 33(1):23-28
ICID: 1180173
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 10.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
Leptin and adiponectin play an essential role in energy metabolism. Leptin has also been proposed as a marker for monitoring training load. So far, no studies have investigated the variability of these hormones in athletes and how they are regulated during cumulative exercise. This study monitored leptin and adiponectin in 15 endurance athletes twice daily in the days before, during and after a 9-day simulated cycling stage race. Adiponectin significantly increased during the race (p=0.001) and recovery periods (p=0.002) when compared to the baseline, while leptin decreased significantly during the race (p<0.0001) and returned to baseline levels during the recovery period. Intra-individual variability was substantially lower than inter-individual variability for both hormones (leptin 34.1 vs. 53.5%, adiponectin 19% vs. 37.2%). With regards to exercise, this study demonstrated that with sufficient, sustained energy expenditure, leptin concentrations can decrease within the first 24 hours. Under the investigated conditions there also appears to be an optimal leptin concentration which ensures stable energy homeostasis, as there was no significant decrease over the subsequent race days. In healthy endurance athletes the recovery of leptin takes 48-72 hours and may even show a supercompensation-like effect. For adiponectin, significant increases were observed within 5 days of commencing racing, with these elevated values failing to return to baseline levels after 3 days of recovery. Additionally, when using leptin and adiponectin to monitor training loads, establishing individual threshold values improves their sensitivity.

ICID 1180173

Related articles
  • in IndexCopernicus™
         Adiponectin/ Leptin [0 related records]
         cycling [1 related records]
         Stage Racing [0 related records]
         athletes [21 related records]
         variability [8 related records]


    Copyright © Biology of Sport  2017
    Page created by Index Copernicus Ltd. All Rights reserved.