Biology of Sport
pISSN 0860-021X    eISSN 2083-1862
Archival Issues
Volume 34, 2017
Volume 33, 2016
Volume 32, 2015
Volume 31, 2014
Volume 30, 2013
Volume 29, 2012
Volume 28, 2011
Volume 27, 2010
Volume 26, 2009
Volume 25, 2008
Volume 24, 2007
Volume 23, 2006
Volume 22, 2005
Volume 21, 2004
Volume 20, 2003
Archival Issues 1984-1998
Information for Authors
Special Information
Journal Abstract
Temporal associations between individual changes in hormones, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men
Blair T Crewther, Jamie Carruthers, Liam P Kilduff, Colin E Sanctuary, Christian J Cook
Biol Sport 2016; 33(3):215-221
ICID: 1201810
Article type: Editorial
IC™ Value: 8.00
Abstract provided by Publisher
To advance our understanding of the hormonal contribution to athletic performance, we examined the temporal associations between individual changes in testosterone (T) and/or cortisol (C) concentrations, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men. Two male cohorts classified as elites (n = 12) and non-elites (n = 12) completed five testing sessions over a six-week period. The athletes were tested for salivary T, C, T/C ratio, self-perceived training motivation, countermovement jump (CMJ) height and isometric mid-thigh pull peak force (IMTP PF), after which an actual training workout was performed. The elite men reported higher motivation to train and they produced greater CMJ height overall, whereas the non-elites had higher pooled T levels (p < 0.05). No significant group differences in C concentrations, T/C ratio or IMTP PF were found. The individual changes in T levels were positively associated with training motivation in the elite men only (p = 0.033), but the hormonal and motivation measures did not predict CMJ height or IMTP PF in either group. The monitoring of elite and non-elite men across a short training block revealed differences in T levels, motivation and lower-body power, which may reflect training and competitive factors in each group. Despite having lower T levels, the elite athletes showed better linkage between pre-training T fluctuations and subsequent motivation to train. The nature of the performance tests (i.e. single repetition trials) could partly explain the lack of an association with the hormonal and motivational measures.

ICID 1201810

DOI 10.5604/20831862.1201810

Related articles
  • in IndexCopernicus™
         Endocrine hormones [0 related records]
         behaviour [0 related records]
         rugby league [0 related records]
         adaptation [0 related records]


    Copyright © Biology of Sport  2017
    Page created by Index Copernicus Ltd. All Rights reserved.