Biology of Sport
pISSN 0860-021X    eISSN 2083-1862
Archival Issues
Volume 33, 2016
Volume 32, 2015
Volume 31, 2014
Volume 30, 2013
Volume 29, 2012
Volume 28, 2011
Volume 27, 2010
Volume 26, 2009
Volume 25, 2008
Volume 24, 2007
Volume 23, 2006
Volume 22, 2005
Volume 21, 2004
Volume 20, 2003
Archival Issues 1984-1998
Search
Newsletter
Information for Authors
Special Information
 » 
Journal Abstract
 
Cannabinoids cases in polish athletes
A Pokrywka, Z Obmiński, D Kwiatkowska, R Grucza
Biol Sport 2009; 26(2):119-135
ICID: 890158
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 9.80
Abstract provided by Publisher
 
The aim of this study was to investigate the number of cases and the profiles of Polish athletes who had occasionally been using marijuana or hashish throughout the period of 1998-2004, with respect to: sex, age, and discipline of sport as well as the period of testing (in- and out-of-competition). Results of the study were compared with some data reported by other WADA accredited anti-doping laboratories. Totally, 13 631 urine samples taken from Polish athletes of both sexes, aged 10-67 years, performing 46 disciplines of sport were tested. Cannabinoids were detected in 267 samples. Among Polish athletes the relative number of positive THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) samples was one of the highest in Europe. The group of young Polish athletes (aged 16-24 years) was the most THC-positive. THC-positive cases were noted more frequently in male athletes tested during out of competitions. The so-called contact sports (rugby, ice hockey), skating, boxing, badminton, body building and acrobatic sports were those sports, where the higher risk of cannabis use was observed. The legal interpretation of some positive cannabinoids results would be difficult because of some accidental and unintentional use of the narcotics by sportsmen. It was concluded that national anti-doping organizations (NADO’s), which are competent to judge whether the anti-doping rules were violated, should take into account the possibility of non-intentional doping use of cannabinoids via passive smoking of marijuana.

ICID 890158

DOI 10.5604/20831862.890158
 
FULL TEXT 657 KB


Related articles
  • in IndexCopernicus™
         doping [17 related records]
         THC [1 related records]
         Tetrahydrocannabinol [9 related records]
         Cannabinoids [19 related records]


  •  

    Copyright © Biology of Sport  2017
    Page created by Index Copernicus Ltd. All Rights reserved.