Temperament structure and ways of coping with stress among professional soccer and basketball players J Blecharz, M Siekańska Biol Sport 2007; 24(2):143-156 ICID: 890645
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 9.36
Abstract provided by Publisher
The temperamental traits play a crucial role in the process of the adjustment of an individual to the requirements of the environment: at school, at work and, of course, in sport activity [3,19]. In the research on stress, temperament has the status of a moderator (i.e. a condition preceding a given phenomenon in time) that modifies stressors, the state of stress, the ways of coping with stress, and the consequences of the state of stress . The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe relations between temperament structure and ways of coping in stressful situations. The subjects - 104 top level athletes (54 soccer players and 50 basketball players) - completed “The Formal Characteristics of Behaviour – Temperament Inventory” (FCB – TI) by B. Zawadzki and J. Strelau and “The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations” (CISS) by N. S. Endler and J .D. A. Parker. Results indicate that there is significant relationship between the temperamental traits and the ways of coping especially in case of Emotion–Oriented Coping that correlates with Briskness (r=-0.41, p=0.01), Perseverance (r=0.47, p=0.01), Sensory Sensitivity (r=-0.24, p=0.05), Emotional Reactivity (r=0.64, p=0.01) and Endurance (r=-0.47, p=0.01). Avoidance–Oriented Coping correlates with Activity (r=0.28, p=0.01). Task–Oriented Coping correlates with Briskness (r=0.25, p<0.05), Emotional Reactivity (r=-0.23, p<0.05) and Endurance (r=0.20, p=0.05). The results indicate that the temperamental traits can be important predictors of the style of coping with stress.