The analysis of gait in people with Down syndrome – comparison with the norm in healthy people W Chwała, M Marchewka Biol Sport 2007; 24(2):167-175 ICID: 890652
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 9.36
Abstract provided by Publisher
The analysis of gait in people with Down syndrome, mentally retarded to a moderate and considerable degree, and a comparison of the results achieved to the gait norm elaborated for healthy people were the main interests of the authors of this experiment.10 people suffering from Down syndrome, aged 16-22, took part in the experiment. All participants of the research had documented mental retardation to a moderate and considerable degree, with the average IQ 37.6±4.29, measured in the Terman-Merrill scale. In order to evaluate gait, we used Vicon 250, a computerised system of a three-dimensional analysis of motion, connected to five infrared video cameras. It was assumed that people with Down syndrome not only have dysfunction of gait expressed by disturbed character of angular changes in their lower extremities and pelvis movements, but changes of values of the spacio-temporal parameters in them also stray from the physiological norm. The research hypothesis has been confirmed. People with Down syndrome show dysfunction of gait as compared to the physiological norm. The spacio-temporal parameters of people suffering from Down syndrome differ significantly from the parameters of people within the physiological norm.