Effects of resistance training on fast- and slow-twitch muscles in rats T Seene, A Pehme, K Alev, P Kaasik, M Umnova, M Aru Biol Sport 2010; 27(3):221-229 ICID: 919347
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 9.38
Abstract provided by Publisher
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance training (RT) on muscle strength, the dependence of that on the fast-twitch (FT) and slow-twitch (ST) fibers hypertrophy, nuclear domain size, synthesis and degradation rate of contractile proteins and on the expression of myosin isoforms’. 16 weeks old Wistar rats were trained on a vertical treadmill for six days a week during six weeks. The power of exercise increased 4.9% per session. In RT group the mass of studied muscles increased about 10%, hindlimb grip strength increased from 5.20±0.27 N/100g bw to the 6.05±0.29 N/100g bw (p<0.05). Cross-sectional area and number of myonuclei of FT and ST fibers in plantaris (Pla) and soleus (Sol) muscles increased, myonuclear domain size did not change significantly. RT increased the MyHC IId isoforms relative content and decreased that of IIb and IIa isoforms in Pla muscle, in Sol muscle increased only IIa isoform. In Pla muscle the relative content of myosin light chain (MyLC) 1slow and 2slow isoforms decreased and that of MyLC 2fast isoforms increased during RT. MyLC 3 and MyLC 2 ratio did not change significantly in Pla but increased in Sol muscle by 14.3±3.4% (p<0.01).
The rat RT programme caused hypertrophy of FT and ST muscle fibers, increase of myonuclear number via fusion of satellite cells with damaged fibers or formation of new muscle fibers as a result of myoblast fusion and myotubes formation, maintaining myonuclear domain size.