RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BLOOD LACTATE AND HYPERVENTILATION DURING HIGH-INTENSITY CONSTANT-LOAD EXERCISE IN HEAT T. Chiba, H. Ishii, S. Takahashi, T. Yano Biol Sport 2011; 28(3):159-163 ICID: 959281
Article type: Original article
IC™ Value: 10.06
Abstract provided by Publisher
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between hyperventilation and increase in blood lactate during high-intensity constant-load exercise in heat and normal conditions. Seven male volunteers exercised for 10 min on a cycle ergometer at 80% ·VO2max in heat (40ºC, 50% relative humidity: HT) and normal conditions (20ºC, 50% relative humidity: CON). Oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide output, ventilation, blood lactate and blood electrolytes (K+, Na+, Cl−) were measured in HT and CON. We found that ventilation was significantly higher during exercise in HT compared with CON (p<0.05) and RER tends to be higher in HT than in CON. Blood lactate was significantly higher at 3 min during exercise in HT compared with CON (5.96 ± 0.57 mEq·l-1 5.00 ± 0.28 mEq·l-1, p<0.05). Change in strong ion difference [∆SID = (∆K+ + ∆Na+) − (∆Cl− + ∆La−)], which affects ∆HCO3− in blood significantly, was lower at 5 min during exercise in HT compared with in CON (p<0.05). These results suggest that hyperventilation during exercise in heat would induce lower HCO3− in blood and consequently would result in an increase in blood lactate at an earlier time during high-intensity exercise in heat. It was concluded that hyperventilation during short-term high-intensity exercise in heat is temporarily associated with an increase in blood lactate.