Biology of Sport
pISSN 0860-021X    eISSN 2083-1862
Archival Issues
Archival Issues 1984-1998
Information for Authors
Special Information
Instructions for Authors

The editor-in-chief of Biology of Sport, Mr Piotr Zmijewski, can be contacted via e-mail at

Address of the editor:
Mr. Piotr Zmijewski, Ph.D.
Institute of Sport
P.O. Box 30
PL 01-982 Warsaw 45
(Biology of Sport)

tel/fax: +48 22 835 09 77.
Biology of Sport is the official journal of the Institute of Sport in Warsaw, Poland, published since 1984.

Biology of Sport is an international scientific peer-reviewed journal, published quarterly in both paper and electronic format. The journal publishes articles concerning basic and applied sciences in sport: sports and exercise physiology, sports immunology and medicine, sports genetics, training and testing, pharmacology, as well as in other biological aspects related to sport. Priority is given to inter-disciplinary papers.
Biology of Sport invites the submission of high quality original research articles, short communications and review papers. Please note that only those manuscripts that have not been published anywhere else are eligible for consideration. The only exception is the presentation of preliminary data (i.e. as an abstract); in such cases the authors are obliged to make an appropriate note in the manuscript. 
A cover letter (authors’ statement ) must be signed by all authors, stating that all the above requirements have been appropriately fulfilled and that they agree to publication of the manuscript in Biology of Sport. The authors are solely responsible for the scientific content as well as for the ethical and legal aspects of their work. Detailed information on preparation of the manuscript is described in the Instructions for Authors.

To achieve the aim of publishing top-quality papers, the editorial process in Biology of Sport consists of two stages: pre-review (1) and peer review (2).

First stage: Pre-review
After submission, a paper enters the pre-review stage. The aim of pre-review is to identify papers that have the potential to be interesting for Biology of Sport readers. 
The pre-review assessment is based on the following criteria:
1.  Does the paper fall within the broad remit of Biology of Sport?
2.  Is the paper appropriately formatted for Biology of Sport?
3.  Is the paper novel and interesting?
4.  Is the subject area covered by the paper topical and, hence, potentially of interest to a wide readership?
5.  Does the paper have the potential to make a substantial contribution to the development of a broad sports subject area?

Second stage: Peer review evaluation
If a paper is not rejected at the pre-review stage it then goes into peer review. Each paper is typically reviewed by two independent referees (more if necessary, and in some cases the review process can rely on the report of only one reviewer) and a member of the editorial team then makes a decision concerning publication, either:
• Reject – the paper is not acceptable for publication and re-submission will not be considered; or
• Major Revision – the paper requires major changes and needs to go through the review process again with no guarantee of acceptance; or 
• Minor Revision – the paper is provisionally accepted, subject to conditions that need to be addressed in producing a final version of the manuscript.
In both cases of revision, the authors are allowed a period of 4 weeks to return their corrected manuscripts. Any extension of that period has to be discussed with the editor in chief.

The editors of Biology of Sport support the policy of prevention of ghostwriting, guest authorship and plagiarism.
Ghostwriting is the case of contributing to a publication without revealing one’s participation as one of the authors or without reference to one’s role in the acknowledgments in the publication. 
Guest authorship (honorary authorship) is the case of insignificant contribution of the author or its complete absence and nevertheless being named as the author or co-author of the publication.
The editors reserve the right to reveal all aspects of scientific dishonesty, i.e. failure to comply with actions eliminating the occurrence of the aforementioned practices.
The editors require that authors reveal individual co-authors’ contributions to the publication. When submitting a manuscript, the authors will be requested to declare their contribution to: 
study design/planning, data collection/entry, data analysis/statistics, data interpretation, preparation of manuscript, literature analysis/search, collection of funds.
Plagiarism is when an author attempts to pass off someone else's work as his or her own. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. The authors accept that a submitted manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized will incur plagiarism sanctions: immediate rejection of the submitted manuscript or published article, no return of the article-processing charge, prohibition of any new submissions.

Ethical Approval
All experimental studies using human or animal subjects should include an explicit statement in the Material and Methods section identifying the ethics committee approval for each study. It is recommended (not required) to obtain a certificate of completion of the training course “Protecting Human Research Participants” from the National Institute of Health. Any doubts concerning fulfilment of the ethical standards will lead to rejection of the manuscript.

Papers must be accompanied by the authors’ statement, which is available on the journal’s webpage in the section Information for Authors.
Permissions: Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material protected by copyright used in their manuscripts. 
Reprints: Reprints of individual articles are available only from authors. Reprints in large quantities, for commercial or academic use, may be purchased from the publisher.

After positive evaluation of the manuscript the authors will be requested to pay 230 Euro (or 1000 Polish zloty or 250 US dollars) to the bank account of the publisher. Payment is intended to partially cover the cost associated with publication. The accepted manuscript will be published within the next 6 months.
The corresponding author is responsible for all documentation necessary for proper processing of the bank transfer. 
The publication fee should be transferred to the account of the publisher via processing fee online payment (available here:; the on-line system allows use of a credit card. 

Alternatively, payment could be made to:
- Beneficiary Name: Instytut Sportu  
- Beneficiary Address: Trylogii 2/16, 01-982 Warsaw, Poland
- Bank Account Number (IBAN): PL 95 2030 0045 1110 0000 0267 5110
- Beneficiary Bank Name: Bank Gospodarki Zywnosciowej S.A.
- Beneficiary Bank Address: Kasprzaka 10/16, 01-211 Warsaw, Poland
- Beneficiary Bank SWIFT: GOPZPLPW
- Payment Reference: Manuscript ID (example: #22123), Correspondence Author Name

In the title of transfer operation, the reference number of the manuscript, which is automatically given during the submission process, should be written.
Bank transfer charges should be covered by the payer (the sender).
Please scan and e-mail the remittance receipt to us when payment has been made.

The copyright for publications appearing in Biology of Sport belongs to the Institute of Sport located in Warsaw, Poland. Reproduction of the publication in any form or by any means requires the permission of the editors. The authors may reproduce their own work for non-commercial purposes with clear indication of the original publisher. 
Content of the electronic version of Biology of Sport is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.


Original articles should not exceed 3500 words excluding abstract, references, tables and figures, short communications no more than 1800 words, and review articles no more than 6000 words.

Articles should be submitted as text files, prepared in Microsoft Word with Times New Roman font, 12-point type, double-spaced with 2.5 cm margins on all 4 sides of the page. The articles are published in English. Manuscripts sent in other languages will not be accepted. English text verification before submission is strongly suggested for non-native English authors. 

Submitted manuscripts should include at least two files. The first file is the title page with authors’ names. The second file includes title, abstract, keywords, body text, references. Tables (numbered in Roman numerals) and illustrations (numbered in Arabic numerals) should be prepared on separate sheets. System will automatically compose a file that will serve as a blind copy for reviewers and should not contain elements allowing identification of authors.

First file – Title page  

  • Title: capital letters
  • Head title: capital letters
  • Authors: surname followed by initials and affiliation(s). Example: Milanovic E1, Sobota R2,
  • Acknowledgements: information concerning financial support, technical assistance, and intellectual contributions not associated with authorship should be provided.
  • Conflict of interest declaration.


Second file – blind version of manuscript (for review)  

  • Title: capital letters
  • Head title: capital letters
  • Abstract: no more than 250 words, including objectives, methods, results and conclusions.
  • Key words: up to 6 key words (preferably, according to the Index Medicus - Medical Subjects Headings (MeSH) terms (http://www.Nlm.Nih.Gov/mesh).

Manuscript should be organized into the following sections:
  • Introduction – summary of current knowledge leading to the overall design and purpose of the study. 

  • Materials and Methods: clear description of methods applied in the study including subjects, intervention, measurements, data collection procedure and statistics. The International System of Units (SI) and standard abbreviations should be used. Any methods already well described and widely known should not be described in detail and should refer to an appropriate reference. However, any new method should be described in precise detail to allow readers to repeat it.
    Ethics: Authors must declare that the experiments reported in the manuscript were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration and that the participants signed an informed consent form. 

  • Results: Both positive and/or negative results of the study should be described in detail. This section should rely on tables and figures with a minimum of accompanying text. Titles and legends of tables and figures should allow them to be regarded as self-explanatory. There should be no repetition of data already presented, tables or figures.

  • Discussion: Results of the study should be critically discussed from the point of view of limitations of the research project, method applied, and current knowledge available in the literature. Interpretation of the results is encouraged, while avoiding speculations. The end of the discussion section should present practical implications of the results of the study.

  • Conclusions: Main findings and novel elements of the results should be summarized in the Conclusions. The authors should refrain from making conclusions about facts not demonstrated by their study.

  • References: All references must be numbered consecutively (in order of appearance in the body text) and citations of references in the text should be identified using numbers in square brackets. Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. References should follow the format adopted by the United States National Library of Medicine (Patrias K. National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 1991) and employed in Index Medicus.
    Here is CSL file for reference manager;
    • Original article:
      Pokrywka A, Kaliszewski P, Majorczyk E, Zembron-Lacny A. Genes in sport and doping. Biol Sport. 2013;30(3):155-161. (List all authors; optionally: number of issue could be omitted and a database's unique identifier for the citation could be added). 

    • Book and monographs:
      Personal author(s):
      Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical Microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

      Chapter in a book:
      Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
  • Figures and Tables:  The authors should include all figures and tables as separated files. The figures and tables, counted together, should not exceed 8. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order and have a clear description of the content and identification of any symbols. Normally, all figures are printed in black but in the e-journal version colour illustrations may be exceptionally printed. If the article is accepted, the authors will be asked to provide the source files of the figures. Each figure should be supplied in a separate electronic file. Figures should be supplied in bitmap formats (TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of a resolution of at least 300 dpi unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors (the corresponding author) of the manuscript through the online submission system.

The ediorial office has introduced new Manuscript Track System in April. All the new submissions should be done via new  Manuscript Track System.

To submit a manuscript via the web site, go to the  and then follow the on-screen instructions. Firstly, you will need to log into the submission system. If you are already registered in Author Database in Biology of Sport use your User ID and Password to log on.
If you are not already registered, you can register by clicking on the “Create New Account” button. You will be asked for basic personal/contact data. 

The article will be sent to the editorial office. To see the article status select “My articles” from the left menu. 
Once submitted for review, each manuscript will be assigned a unique reference number. This number should be used in any subsequent correspondence.


Address for subscription information, orders, changes of address:
Aleksandra Kauc
Biology of Sport - Institute of Sport
ul. Trylogii 2/16
01-982 Warsaw

Annual Subscription Fee:  50 euro + Postage

Last updating: April 16, 2016

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